Excellence in Viticulture
What makes the quality difference?
I believe that 90% of a wines quality comes from the vineyard and understanding and working with your terroir is a key factor to success.
Terroir is the set of special characteristics that the geography, geology and climate of a certain place interacts with a grapevine and is expressed in the grapes and the wine.
Terroir can be very loosely translated as "a sense of place," which is embodied in certain characteristic qualities, the sum of the effects that the local environment has had on the growth of the grapevines and the production of the grapes. At its core is the assumption that the land from which the grapes are grown imparts a unique quality that is specific to that growing site.
The interaction of climate and terroir is generally broken down from the macroclimate of a larger area (For example, the Umpqua Valley Region of Southern Oregon) , down to the mesoclimate of a smaller subsection of that region (such as the community of Umpqua) and even to the individual microclimate of a particular vineyard or row of grapevines (like the vineyard of Confluence Estate). The element of soil relates both to the composition and the intrinsic nature of the vineyard soils, such as fertility, drainage and ability to retain heat. Geomorphology refers to natural landscape features like mountains, valleys and bodies of water, which affect how the climate interacts with the region, and includes the elements of aspect and elevation of the vineyard location.
The definition of terroir can be expanded to include elements that are controlled or influenced by humans. This can include the decision of which grape variety to plant, though whether or not that grape variety will produce quality wine is an innate element of terroir that may be beyond human influence. Some grape varieties thrive better in certain areas than in others.
Why is the Umpqua Valley AVA
The Umpqua Valley AVA and Southern Oregon are diverse to say the least. There are many grape varieties that grow extremely well in unique Meso and Micro Climates throughout the region. I don't believe there will ever be just one famous grape synonymous with the region; some sites will excel at Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, while others will excel in Tempranillo and Syrah.
Umpqua, Oregon is located in Climatic Region 1 for Heat Summation. This Climatic Region is shared with Beaune, and Bordeaux, France.
Experts believe that the best quality grapes come from cool climate growing regions, such as the Umpqua Valley, especially during years with a warm and dry growing season. Warmer regions often produce wines that are described as baked, raisined or stewed with little natural acidity and very high alcohol levels which result in a wine tasting out of balance and hot. Regions which are too cold struggle with their grapes to reach physiological ripeness, leaving the finished wine tasting green and unripe with very high levels of harsh malic acid.
The Umpqua Valley is one of the world's grape growing sweet spots, possessing a long, dry and warm growing season, with cool nights to maintain acidity and incredibly diverse terrain.
Aroha Vineyard Philosophy
We achieve optimal physiological and phenolic ripeness and true varietal character by stringent canopy and crop load management.
We have outstanding water rights but believe in dry farm viticulture once the vines reach 3rd leaf.
We are located in one of the most beautiful areas in Oregon and the U.S.A.
We have an excellent opportunity for growth with 100+ acres of prime south facing hillside which can be developed into a top echelon vineyard.
We have the ability to grow and supply world class grapes and wine and have aligned ourselves with wineries that can truly showcase the quality of grapes we grow by producing high quality wines with global distribution.
We have a great climate for premium viticulture - Warm days, Cool nights, long growing season. We have little growing season rainfall and low relative humidity, thus drastically reducing the need for fungicide sprays. Due to our location and proximity to the Umpqua River we are relatively safe from deep winter freeze, vine kill and growing season frost.
We have well-draining soils and strongly believe in cover crop management.
We have many options for planting orientation, aspect and slope in the 205 additional acres available for vineyard development.
We are dedicated to sustainable viticulture!!